samedi 28 janvier 2012

How To Store Pu-erh Tea GeneraliTea I











A comprehensive guide on how to store Pu-erh tea, understanding the variables that affect taste, how to make Pu-erh tea taste better and protecting your investment.


Gong Fu Cha - The Complete Guide To Making Tea GeneraliTea II












How To Buy Chinese Tea GeneraliTea III









How To Choose A Chinese Yixing Teapot For Gong Fu Cha GeneraliTea IV


USTENSILES Variètés Travail & Beauté
USTENSILES Variètés Travail & Beauté
USTENSILES


Yixing teapots are the heart of the Gong Fu Cha method of tea-making. This detailed step by step guide from Chinese tea expert Daniel Lui shows little known facts and tips on how-to assess quality, size, type of clay, firing, matching with different teas and how-to clean and season. Lots of charts and photos.







lundi 23 janvier 2012

Tea Ware Trends and an Intimacy with Objects Doc & Li Xin Rétro

Tea Ware Trends and an Intimacy with Objects









Tea Ware Trends and an Intimacy with Objects


Li Xin First Season








Li Xin Zhu Ni Second Season











Hojo : Tetsubin : Japanese Cast Iron Kettle&Niigata Tsuiki Do-ki Teapot which Made of 99.99% of Tin

Hojo: Tetsubin: Japanese Cast Iron Kettle & Niigata Tsuiki Do-ki Teapot which made of 99.99% of tin

What is Tetsubin (Cast Iron Kettle) About?
The Cast Iron Kettle: called a “Tetsubin” in Japanese, has been produced in Japan for hundreds of years. It is traditionally a hand crafted object that was developed as an utensil for use in the Japanese Tea Ceremony. These Cast Iron Kettles are made by pouring molten iron into either clay or sand molds. Clay molds are used in the production of high-end artisanal Tetsubin products, while those Tetsubin mass produced by the hundreds using sand molds are destined for common commercial sales and export. The function of the Tetsubin is unique. It significantly changes the taste of water. When brewing tea using water boiled in Tetsubin, the taste of the tea becomes very mellow and sweet. In addition, thanks to the iron content of the kettle, the resultant water gives us additional health benefits. 


Hojo: Tetsubin: Japanese Cast Iron Kettle & Niigata Tsuiki Do-ki Teapot which made of 99.99% of tin

 Hojo: Tetsubin: Japanese Cast Iron Kettle & Niigata Tsuiki Do-ki Teapot which made of 99.99% of tin

Hojo: Tetsubin: Japanese Cast Iron Kettle & Niigata Tsuiki Do-ki Teapot which made of 99.99% of tin
The tsuiki-doki includes not only tea equipment but also sake equipment, flower vase and many other accessories. The artist beats the plate and forms it into the desired shape of particular equipment. Normally, the copper plate is laminated with tin. At the moment, the brands that HOJO is introducing are using liner made of 99.99% tin. In fact, they were not using 99.99% tin in the old days. Once upon a time people concerned about the lead in tin and this has affected the Tsuiki-doki industry. Since then, most of manufacturers had stopped using ordinary tin and swtiched to 99.99% tin. The color of the surface of copper ware is created by the fire. Depending on the oxygen level during firing process, it creates different colors. The copper teapot comes with filter that enables efficient filtration of most type of tea leaves. There are 3 main reasons why HOJO like to introduce this equipment.
Hojo: Tetsubin: Japanese Cast Iron Kettle & Niigata Tsuiki Do-ki Teapot which made of 99.99% of tin
There are 3 main reasons why HOJO like to introduce this equipment.
1. Great Performance With this copper teapot, the internal tin liner which made of 99.99% of tin significantly improves the intensity of flavor and the depth of after taste. It gives a very clean taste with smooth and “silky” mouthfeel. After you have drunk the tea, it does not leave your mouth feeling dry or astringent; instead it gives a lingering after taste that is complex and evolving. This teapot is suitable for most types of tea, unless you are a person who may not like to enjoy strong after taste.
2. Great affinity not only with most of tea including Phoenix Dan Cong and Wuyi Oolong It is known that to select a matching tea pot for Phoenix Dan Cong and Wuyi oolong is very difficult, in particular the Phoenix Dan Cong oolong that is produced from very old tea tree. In our lineups, there are a number of clays that does not get along with this tea. Nevertheless, we found that this copper teapot is one of the exceptions (besides Gisui Tokoname Red Clay and Ken Sado Red Clay) that can go well with Phoenix Dan Cong oolong and Wuyi oolong. It gives a strong after taste with lingering sweetness that lasts for a long time. This tsuiki-doki copper teapot also shows great affinity with Puerh tea, not to mention about green tea and Taiwan oolong.
3. Great affinity with Tetsubin One of the difficulties that I encountered when using tetsubin is that different brands of tetsubin has different affinities with different types of clay. As for tsuiki-doki teapot, it goes well with both Kunzan and Suzuki Morihisa tetsubin. In particular, the combination between this teapot and Kunzan tetsubin gives a very smooth after taste.


The maintenance The tin liner may get dark spot in a long run. However the performance of tin does not really change or decrease even if the tin is oxidized. Most importantly, after using the tsuiki-doki teapot, we have to leave the lid off and let the teapot dried completely. When the teapot is used for a long time, some layer of scale might be formed on the surface of tin and this will protect the teapot from the rust. It is very important to stick to one type of water for both brewing and washing. I have experienced that the teapot that is used by my friend for a few months, when I used it with my own water, it never perform as how it is supposed to be! HOJO is currently supplying the brand called Seiho-Do. This brand is ran by only one artist whose age is over 70 years old. Due to no successor, the delivery takes sometime if stock is not available in our inventory.






... à Nos Chères Terres... Généralités


. PHILOSOPHIE .  



... à propos de l'argile de Yixing ...

On distingue trois variétés d'argile de Yixing :

 Zi Ni, Lu Ni et Hong Ni

 
Zini (pourpre, généralement brunâtre après la cuisson) 



... à Nos Chères Terres...

... à Nos Chères Terres...

On le trouve en petite quantité dans les gisements de minerai Jiani. Lorsque la Zini contient tellement de manganèse qu'elle présente des points sombres après la cuisson, elle est appelée Hei Xing ni, ou encore Tie Xing ni, ou Hei Xing Sha.

... à Nos Chères Terres...


Qing Shui ni est l'argile couramment employée par les manufacture, une argile pure sans aucun mélange ni ajout, provenant du centre du gisement, une argile commune.
Di Cao Qing provient de la partie plus profonde, souvent d'un brun rougeâtre.
Di Cao Qing est généralement plus sombre et plus dense que la   Qing Shui Ni.
Pin Zini  désigne une Zini mélangée.


Luni, ou encore Ben Shan Lu Ni, où Benshan
  Désigne la montagne d'origine, le mont Huanglong, est une variété de pointes de silice, que l'on trouve uniformément dans les veines de minerai Jiani, très rare.


... à Nos Chères Terres...


Duanni est également rare, on la trouve parfois avec la Luni et la Zini.
Aujourd'hui, la Duanni provient de Tanxi ou Hufu, elle est aussi mélangée  volontairement à la Luni et la Zini.
L'argile nommée Zima Duanni présente de nombreux points sombres qui rappellent le sésame.

Après cuisson, La Bai Ma Zi Ni est quasi identique à la Luni, elle se différencie par un grain plus épais et une moindre douceur au toucher.


 Hongni est tirée du minerai Nenni.

Le Zhuni est un minerai très jaune, plus il est jaune, meilleur est le Zhuni.

 La Xiao Hongni est  d'un jaune plus sombre.

La Da Hongni provient du minerai Jiani, essentiellement Zini.


... à Nos Chères Terres...
 ... à Nos Chères Terres...


La Zhuni, est une argile spéciale, aux caractéristiques différentes.
Contrairement aux autres argiles, la Zhuni originelle provient de la montagne Zhao Zhuang, le Zhuni Lao.
Actuellement, vous ne trouverez la Zhao Zhuang Zhuni que… dans les musées !

... à Nos Chères Terres...


La plupart de la Zhuni actuelle provient de Xiao Mei Yao et Hu Fu.
La Da Hong Pao ni provenait des monts  Huang Llong, elle a été très populaire sous la dynastie Qing. Aujourd'hui, elle est extraite dans la région de Fudong.


 ... à Nos Chères Terres...
... à Nos Chères Terres...

. PHILOSOPHIE .

                                                            
                                                                                         

Purple Clay Teapot in Japan

Terminology of Clay

For Yixing teapot, it is produced of Zisha. I would like to clarify the terminology of Zisha 紫砂(Purple Sand) once again. Zisha refers to crude clay rock that is produced in Yixing. Any clay that is produced outside of Yixing, other part of China included is not called Zisha even if its character is similar or identical.
Zisha is the mixture of 3 clays, red clay, purple clay and green clay in general. Different clay has different effect. Each type of clay has a different mineral composition and therefore makes the taste of tea obviously different. Various interactions or sort of ion-exchange reactions occur between the minerals that exist in water and the minerals in the clay.

Minerals could take different colors depending on the baking temperature and oxygen level

When iron is baked with oxygen, it oxidizes to become Fe3+ (Magnetite). On the other hand, iron becomes Fe2+ (Hematite) when it is baked with less oxygen or without it entirely. With less oxygen, fire generates carbon monoxide. This carbon monoxide will draw oxygen away from the iron.
The following picture shows 2 teapots that are produced from the same clay.
On the other hand, there are a number of teapot that is made of originally black clay. Those black teapots are mainly dominated by Manganese. The Manganese appears in black when it is baked with oxigen. Usually mannagese does not make taste better. Hence it is important to select teapot not only just based on the color, but also with proper understanding of clay.

What is the difference in effect using between artificially mixed clay and natural clay?

The natural clay and mixed clay gives a different effect, although they looks visually similar. The iron particle exists in natural red clay is in crystallized iron granule, just like gem stone. Artificially mixed red clay contains added iron which is ground by granulator. The shape of iron particle is very uneven and large surface area due to the hammering by granulator. Usually artificially added iron has very low melting point because of larger surface, which unable the clay to withstand high baking temperature up to >1200 degree C, while the melting point of iron particle in mixed clay is at around 600-800 degree C. Once iron particle get melted during baking, it liquidize and drastically loose the surface area.
Nowadays most of red clay teapots both in Japan and China are made from artificially mixed red clay. It is due to the reason that we start forgetting the effect of natural red clay and tends to choose teapot based on the outlook or the fame of the artist.

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